Why Did They Dam The Nile?

What is the goal of the Blue Nile dam project?

Since the Blue Nile is a highly seasonal river, the dam would reduce flooding downstream of the dam, including on the 15 km stretch within Ethiopia.

On the one hand, the reduction of flooding is beneficial since it protects settlements from flood damage..

What dam was built on the Nile River?

Aswan High DamAfter 11 years of construction, the Aswan High Dam across the Nile River in Egypt is completed on July 21, 1970.

Has the Nile ever dried up?

Lush green fields blanket northern Egypt’s Nile Delta, but the country’s agricultural heartland and its vital fresh water resources are under threat from a warming climate. “The Nile is shrinking. …

How much does Egypt rely on the Nile?

Egypt relies on the Nile for 90% of its water. It has historically asserted that having a stable flow of the Nile waters is a matter of survival in a country where water is scarce. A 1929 treaty (and a subsequent one in 1959) gave Egypt and Sudan rights to nearly all of the Nile waters.

How many dams are on the Nile?

Over the past 50 years, six Nile Basin countries have built 25 hydroelectric dams.

What is biggest dam in the world?

Three Gorges DamThree Gorges Dam, China is the world’s largest hydroelectric facility.

What would happen to Egypt without the Nile?

Ancient Egypt could not have existed without the river Nile. Since rainfall is almost non-existent in Egypt, the floods provided the only source of moisture to sustain crops. … The ancient Egyptians could grow crops only in the mud left behind when the Nile flooded. So they all had fields all along the River Nile.

What are the disadvantages of the Aswan Dam?

List of the Cons of the Aswan High DamThe project forced over 1 million people to be relocated. … Access to critical archaeological sites was limited by the project. … It changed how sediments flow to the sea. … Fertilization issues are now present in Egypt. … It encourages coastline erosion around the delta.More items…•

How much electricity does the Aswan High Dam produce?

The Aswan High Dam captures floodwater during rainy seasons and releases the water during times of drought. The dam also generates enormous amounts of electric power — more than 10 billion kilowatt-hours every year. That’s enough electricity to power one million color televisions for 20 years!

What is the largest dam in the United States?

5 Incredible Dams In The United StatesOroville Dam: Located on California’s Feather River, the Oroville Dam is the tallest dam in the United States at 770 feet. … Hoover Dam: The Hoover Dam is perhaps America’s most famous dam and was certainly the most expensive engineering project in the country at the time.More items…•

Why was the Aswan dam built on the Nile River?

The High Dam was constructed between 1960 and 1970. Its aim was to increase the amount of hydroelectric power, regulate the flooding of the Nile and increase agricultural production. The Aswan High Dam is 3,830 metres long, 980 metres wide at the base, 40 metres wide at the crest (the top) and 111 metres tall.

Which dam is biggest in Africa?

Grand Ethiopian Renaissance DamSeasonal rains are starting to fill the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, set to become Africa’s largest hydroelectric power plant, on the Blue Nile river.

Where does Egypt get its water?

Nile RiverWater resources Egypt’s main source of freshwater is the Nile River. The river supplies 56.8 billion m³ of freshwater every year, which represents 97% of all renewable water resources in Egypt. Average rainfall in Egypt is estimated at 18 mm or 1.8 billion m³ per year.

Is there a dam on the Nile?

The principal objective behind the construction of the Aswan High Dam is to store sufficient water in the reservoir in order to protect Egypt from the dangers of a series of years when the Nile flood is above or below the long-term average and thus to guarantee a steady flow of water from the Nile for both Egypt and …

Which country has most dams?

ChinaNo country in history has built more dams than China. In fact, China today boasts more dams at home than the rest of the world combined.

How many people are buried in the Hoover Dam?

So, there are no bodies buried in Hoover Dam. The question about fatalities is more difficult to answer, because it depends in a large part on who is included as having “died on the project.” For example, some sources cite the number of deaths as 112.

Why does Egypt not want the dam to be built?

Egypt, fearing major disruptions to its access to the Nile’s waters, originally intended to prevent even the start of the GERD’s construction. Indeed, Egypt has called the filling of the dam an existential threat, as it fears the dam will negatively impact the country’s water supplies.

Is the Aswan Dam the largest dam in the world?

Aswan high dam, the third biggest in the world, impounds the River Nile and creates Lake Nasser. … Robert-Bourassa is the tenth biggest dam in the world with a reservoir capacity of 61.7 billion cubic metres.

Is the Aswan Dam Good or bad?

The Aswan Dam benefits Egypt by controlling the annual floods on the Nile River and prevents the damage which used to occur along the floodplain. The Aswan High Dam provides about half of Egypt’s power supply and has improved navigation along the river by keeping the water flow consistent.

Who owns the Nile?

From its headwaters in Ethiopia and the central African highlands to the downstream regional superpower Egypt, the Nile flows through 10 nations. But by a quirk of British colonial history, only Egypt and its neighbor Sudan have any rights to its water.

What is the Nile dam called?

Aswan High DamAswan High Dam is a rock-fill dam located at the northern border between Egypt and Sudan. The dam is fed by the River Nile and the reservoir forms Lake Nasser. Construction for the project began in 1960 and was completed in 1968.